Lately, every discussion I have with an atheist where we are discussing the existence of God, they will inevitably refer to a philosophical principle called Occam’s Razor in order to prove the God of the Bible cannot exist. They do this by quoting Occam’s Razor as, “The simplest explanation is usually the best.” They then give an explanation of the two beliefs as shown below.
The problem with the atheist’s rationale toward Occam’s Razor is it distorts a valid philosophical concept in order to serve a personal bias. Contrary to the popular summary, the simplest available theory is often a less accurate explanation. I will explain how this is true later. To begin, we must first properly define the theory of Occam’s Razor. Properly defined, Occam’s Razor is, “Plurality should not be posited (or suggested, MCS) without necessity.” The man attributed to this philosophy, William Ockham, went on to further explain this idea by saying, “No plurality should be assumed unless it can be proved (a) by reason, or (b) by experience, or (c) by some infallible authority.” Since we have properly defined what Occam’s Razor really stands for, I want to take this time to refute the atheist’s stance.
Now that we have clearly defined it, let us take a look at which religious view holds true against Occam’s Razor: Atheism or Christianity.
Let’s deal with Christianity first. Christianity, in its simplest form, can be made in 4 assumptions:
1. There is an all-powerful, all merciful Creator of the universe and everything in it, including you and me.
2. That Creator sent His Son, Jesus, to die in order to reconcile mankind back to Him.
3. He gave His infallible, specific instructions to man, in the form of the Bible.
4. As the Alpha and the Omega, this Creator is not subject to any laws of nature, as He is the Creator of them.
This is Christianity summed up in four simple assumptions. This means we have covered all the bases necessary to answer all questions that man can have regarding the origin of, and subsequent ponderings of this universe and all that resides in it.
Let us take a look at the atheist’s line of thought and count the number of assumptions they have to make:
1. There is no God; therefore, science must explain everything.
2. Since there is no God, nature created everything.
3. Nature had to have created everything spontaneously.
4. When creating everything spontaneously, everything was created from nothing.
5. This had to have been done during an event similar to the Big Bang theory.
6. Since the First Law of Thermodynamics states that neither energy nor matter can be created from nothing, then it had to have been temporarily suspended during this event, along with all other scientific laws.
7. This “supernatural” occurrence was not caused by God, but rather by the same laws that were temporarily suspended, such as gravity.
8. After this event took place, order began to form from chaos (in direct contradiction of another scientific law, The Chaos Theory.)
9. The explosion of the Big Bang placed Earth in just the right spot cosmologically to the sun, as well as having the perfect tilt, rotation, and development of atmosphere.
10. Eventually, because of this new found “order from chaos”, the Earth gained oceans, vegetation, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and many more other essential elements to life.
11. Through millions of years, humans have been evolving, beginning first as a single-celled entity in the ocean, then mutating on the backs of crystals, until we eventually evolved into apes, and so forth.
12. In light of all of this, God is no longer necessary to exist, let alone be worshipped.
When in a debate about God, the atheist will inevitably turn to the fact that the existence of a God would violate laws of nature. The atheist says that you cannot say that there is something that does not obey natural law. However, in regards to the very beginning of The Big Bang, Dr. Stephen Hawking in his book A Brief History of Time is quoted as saying that all laws of nature were temporarily suspended at the onset of the big bang (pg. 136). This would mean that The Big Bang, in itself, was supernatural, or not subject to obeying natural law. This is hypocrisy.
The atheist considers the belief in an all-powerful God, who is not subject to the very laws He created, ignorant, superstitious, and unnecessary. Yet, we are to accept belief in the supernatural act of nothing creating everything while suspending the very same laws is perfectly rational thinking. The problem is
very little of it actually is.
Even when we use the distorted version of Occam’s Razor, God still comes out victorious. It makes the fewest number of multiplied assumptions and would therefore be the most likely answer.
However, I would be doing you, the reader, an injustice if we did not apply William Ockham’s complete explanation to this problem. If you will recall, Mr. Ockham said, “No plurality should be assumed unless it can be proved (a) by reason, (b) by experience, or (c) by some infallible authority” (emphasis, MCS).
What could a Christian turn to that would be considered an infallible authority that directly addresses the creation of all things, the existence of God, and the order He put forth? The Bible, of course! Within the Bible, we have not just one witness, but rather a whole collection and multitude of eyewitnesses to the proof of the existence of God and the Bible! Jesus himself answered this issue of witness in John 8:17, “It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true.”(emphasis, MCS) When Jesus said this, he was speaking to another group of people who were openly hostile to him. He was speaking to the Jews. The point made by Jesus is just as valid today as it was then. In the court systems of the United States, two witnesses are more than enough to validate a claim. We have over forty men who wrote their testimony. It was collected together forming the Bible which includes numerous others who witnessed the proof of God’s existence. Study after study has further proven that the alleged contradictions of the Bible when looked at in their context are not contradictions at all. There is not one alleged contradiction in the Bible that cannot be reasonably explained to someone who is open-minded. The problem with some atheists is their unwillingness to listen to this reasoning. Regardless, the Bible stands as the Christian’s infallible authority, which is necessary for Occam’s Razor.On the surface level, when they distort the valid philosophy of Occam’s Razor, the atheist appears to have a convincing argument. However, it is only when properly applies Occam’s Razor correctly that one sees the argument fall apart. God is the Creator of all things, including science and logic. It cannot be used to disprove Him.