Thursday, February 24, 2011

The Truth About Carbon-14 Dating and Its Implications for Christianity

During a conversation three days ago with a neighbor, he made mention that he was a Christian who believed in evolution. When I asked him why, he said that he wasn't really sure, but felt that God created man, but "made us work to become what we are." He went on to ask, "Well, what about carbon dating? It proves the Earth is old!"



With no offense meant to my neighbor, I must politely disagree. We now have two points to correct, but for the sake of this article, I want to focus on the last one. We need to find out if carbon-14 dating, specifically by using accelerator mass spectrometers (a much more accurate measuring tool than previous alternatives), proves that the Earth is indeed, millions or billions of years old.



First, we must know that everything that is or once was living all consumed carbon-14 into their system. It is as much a part of us as anything else. There is nothing that is or once was living that did not have some amount of carbon-14 in it. This is because carbon-14 is created in the Earth's atmosphere and is then consumed by all living things. Through the digestion of vegetation we and the animals we eat ingest, and also through breathing in the air we breathe.



Since we know that carbon-14 is in all things once living, we can use it to measure how old something is. This is possible because scientists know that it decays at a known rate and thereby use it much like a clock. Science knows that carbon-14 decays at a rate of 5,730 years per half-life. A half-life is a term used to determine how long it takes for half of the amount of an element (in this case, carbon-14) to “decay” or change into another element. Carbon-14 decays into Nitrogen-14. So for our example here, it would take 5,730 years for 50% of the carbon-14 in a sample to change into Nitrogen-14.



However, the trick is to know how much carbon-14 any given item started out with. But isn’t this next to impossible to know since nobody was there to take an initial measurement of the sample before it died? The key is based in the fact that along with 14C, we also take in carbon-12 through the same exact means as the carbon-14. The difference is the fact that carbon-12 does not decay. It is what is known as a stable isotope, or version, of the carbon element. Scientists have shown that there is a consistent ratio of the two carbons in the Earth’s atmosphere, therefore giving them the key. Now all we have to do is find out how much carbon-12 is in a sample, then, by using our known ratio, measure the 14C in the same sample. By a mathematical calculation based on the given results, we can then know the age of a sample. The equation looks like this:



t = [ ln (Nf/No) / (-0.693) ] x t1/2



So what does all of this mean, especially in regards to the Christian who is concerned with whether science disproves the Bible according to the age of the Earth? Simply put, it means that science cannot use carbon-14 dating, to date anything past 40,000 years. In fact, according to an Answers in Genesis article entitled, “Doesn’t Carbon-14 Dating Disprove the Bible?” a group of scientists conducted an 8 year study they titled, “RATE: Radioisotopes and the Age of The Earth”. During this study, they collected 10 different coal samples from the U.S. Department of Energy Coal Sample Bank. They were very careful to not cross-contaminate the samples with anything that could alter the tests.



The samples collected were representative of different time periods in the geologic column, from the Cenozoic, Mesozoic, and Paleozoic time periods. According to evolutionists, this time period would range from 3 million to 488 million years. The startling discovery came when all 10 samples came back with a traceable amount of carbon-14 in it! How can this be possible when the oldest date carbon-14 measurements can give something is approximately 40,000 years? If you go by the theory of evolution, it can’t. So how can we rectify this? According to Mike Riddle of Answers in Genesis:



“Since the half-life of 14C is relatively short (5,730 years), there should be no detectable 14C left after about 100,000 years. The average 14C estimated age for all the layers from these three time periods was approximately 50,000 years. However, using a more realistic pre-Flood 14C /12C ratio reduces that age to about 5,000 years.”



This is significant news for the Christian who believes in error, that 14C dating has confirmed the theory of evolution. In fact, it is the exact opposite. 14C dating has, once again, proven the Bible to be accurate. Science has once again proven the Bible to be accurate. Someone once asked me if I believed it was possible to be a Biblical literalist and believe in evolution. My answer was no because of the language used in the creation account. Now I am more convinced that you cannot be a scientific literalist and believe in evolution, let alone believe in an idea that contradicts the Bible.


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Endnotes

Saturday, February 19, 2011

Is Biological Evolution Really Responsible for All Life on Earth?

Once upon a time there was a scientist. This scientist was so arrogant in his knowledge of science that he one day came to the conclusion that God was no longer necessary to create life on Earth. Being confident in his abilities, the scientist challenged God to a face-off. The scientist told God that he could do everything God could do, and do it even better, including creating life on Earth. God accepted this challenge, knowing it was impossible. So the scientist went to work, determined to prove God wrong. He knew that sheep had been cloned from cells, so he began to collect human cells.

God stopped him immediately, and told the scientist, "You said you could do everything I could do, and even do it better. I created life from nothing more than my breath and dirt. Now you're trying to use cells from all my work? No, I don't think so. You better grab a handful of dirt, take a deep breath in and start from there."

I love this joke because it rings true. Science has become so arrogant in such a young age that its most prominent representatives have come out and directly said that God is no longer necessary to create the universe. I've written a lot on that topic. Today I want to talk about the contradictions that are seemingly ignored or overlooked by the scientific community when the concept of biological evolution as it pertains to the beginning of life on Earth is discussed.

To begin with, it does not take someone with a Ph.D to see the flaws in this theory. A study of both subjects show that by their very definitions they are contradictory to each other. For example, evolution is perhaps best known as the concept of "survival of the fittest". The member of a species that has the preferred genes such as being faster, smarter, etc. is most likely to survive against predators and thereby pass on these preferred genes onto following generations. Observational science has determined that this shows a decrease or conservation of genetic material within a given population.

Conversely, evolution then suggests that all living things came from a single celled organism called an amoeba. This is a contradiction to observational science. How is it possible that the preservation or conservation of genetic material is true, yet the expansion and multiplication of the very same material is also true? This cannot be. Either one is true, but not both.

It is impossible through observed science to go from a single celled amoeba being the only living organism on Earth to a human, which is made up of over 100 trillion cells, and all other living animals on Earth. Each one of these cells require genetic material in order to make its assigned species. This can only happen through the multiplication and change of genetic material, which again, is contrary to the very concept of "survival of the fittest".

I do not believe that evolution within a species is impossible, because it is a proven scientific fact. We have created over 80% of the world’s dog breeds in the past 130 years through evolution. Yet the only thing that has ever come from a dog is another dog. It is through the breeding of one dog with desirable traits with a mate that carries the same genetic traits in order to isolate the trait and pass it on through the next generation. That is how a hound dog is bred, for example. It is through the conservation of this genetic material that we arrive a preferred breed, not the expansion of random genetic material.

Simply put, the theory of all of life on Earth originating from a single-celled amoeba is contradictory to observed, scientific facts. It simply cannot be true. This doesn't even take into account how the amoeba came into existence. Secular scientists can't even agree on the creation of the amoeba, yet it is assumed to be the case. Also, regardless of what you may believe, scientist cannot provide even a single fossil record that would fill the gap from the ape to man, let alone from the amoeba to man.

In essence, secular scientists want you to believe that human life is assumed to have somehow have formed from a theoretical amoeba, contrary to proven scientific facts. This is of course supposed to have happened on a planet that is assumed to have formed somehow from a collapsing nebula that is assumed to have formed from a theory called 'the big bang' which is assumed to have occurred without a cause, again despite contradicting proven laws of physics.

When you start with the Bible as your base, you find that proven science makes sense with the creation account, without contradictions. However, if left with the ideas of secular science, that rejects all supernatural input, especially God, you are left with contradictory theories and assumptions.

[i]

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/7976594/Stephen-Hawking-God-was-not-needed-to-create-the-Universe.html

http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/ee2/biological-evolution

http://www.chem.duke.edu/~jds/cruise_chem/Exobiology/sites.html

Asimov, Isaac. The Human Body, New rev. ed., p. 79; New Encyclopaedia Britannica,vol. 6, p. 134; Van Amerogen, C. The Way Things Work Book of the Body, p. 13.

Playing the Blame Game With God

"And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat. And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat."-Genesis 3:12,13

Several years ago a young couple was on a long distance trip across several states. They had just graduated college, and had the wedding ceremony of their dreams, and the world was there for the taking. Life seemed so promising, and they considered themselves truly blessed and grounded in faith, and openly thanked God for all they had. They returning from their honeymoon cruise, and everything was going great. Both the husband and his new bride were flying high after returning from such a wonderful cruise. They were in love, and nothing in the world could go wrong. However, this didn't mean that nothing would go wrong. Trouble seemed to start almost immediately after stepping off the cruise ship. The old saying, "The honeymoon is over" never rang so true than it did on the way home for this new couple. 


Any long distance car trip can have its challenges, however after several set backs on the road including car troubles, this one appeared to be almost more than this new couple was prepared to deal with.. That is, at least as a team. After all, they were newly married, and not used to coping with problems as a married couple. They lacked the experience of relying on one another as husband and wife, and this created friction within the trip. Rather than band together, the couple made the mistake of drawing the battle lines.


The big blow up came in the form of a tire blow out somewhere in the middle of Alabama around 2:00AM. After being lost and set back a few hours, an overheating car, and the husband losing his wallet, this was the proverbial straw that broke the camels back. The inexperienced couple reverted back to being individuals and began to play the blame game with each other. The husband blamed the wife for getting them lost, which set them back several hours, and the wife blamed the husband for driving too rough with the car, causing the tire blowout. 


Then someone said it. They openly asked, "why us, God? What did we do to deserve this?" 


Inexperience in life matters and a lack of trust and understanding in God led them to blame Him for their troubles. 


Apparently man has been blaming God for an imperfect world since the beginning. In Genesis 3:12,13 we see that Adam made a confession to God as to his role in the sin of eating the fruit. Adam clearly says in the end of verse 12, "...and I did eat." This would have been an admirable acceptance of responsibility on Adam's part, but he ruined it with what came out of his mouth before the confession.


In the beginning of verse 12 Adam made sure everyone present was blamed- including God Himself. Adam started out saying, "...The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree..." (emphasis mine).


The first person Adam blamed was Eve. He wanted God to know that the woman was the person who initiated the sin, but then he made the subtle suggestion that God Himself should also share the blame. Adam basically said, "Had you not given this woman to me, none of this would have happened!" It was only after Adam blamed everyone else did he finally own up to a very small piece of the guilt.


Eve, being made from Adam followed in Adams' footsteps and blamed the serpent for her responsibility. Only after she blamed the serpent did she admit her small piece of the guilt as well. However, the most interesting part of this conversation is when God asked the question, "What is this that thou hast done?" This of course was rhetorical. God was well aware of what had happened. He was aware that Adam and Eve had been tempted by Satan, and thereby exercised their right to free will. He did not ask Eve this question so that He can understand what had just happened, but rather that Adam and Eve can fully understand what had just happened.


The fact that Adam and Eve exercised their God given right to free will does not in any way imply that God's power to create a perfect world is lacking. Had God created man without the right to free will, then the world would not have been perfect, because the worship given to God would be forced. God does not want forced worship. Revelation 22:17, "And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And he that heareth, let him say, Come. And he that is athirst, let him come: he that will, let him take the water of life freely" (emphasis mine).


Sometimes we can be like Adam and Eve. When something bad or unexpected happens in our lives we look to blame everyone else for our unfortunate circumstances. Sometimes we focus the blame on God, because after all, He's all powerful, and could've stopped it from happening, right? However, James 1:13 says "Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man:" (emphasis mine). 


When we truly grasp the mindset of God we see that He is a just God who, though we make wrong choices that hurt Him personally, is always willing to provide forgiveness (Hebrews 4:16, 1 John 2:1).  Romans 8:1 says, "Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus," No other relationship we have with anyone else is able to offer the same promise. God can use any person who is willing to accept the responsibility for their actions. Don't believe me? Ask the former harlot Rahab, or the former church prosecutor Paul. 


Or how about asking Adam and Eve?

Wednesday, February 16, 2011

Answering Apathy

"Apathy is the glove into which evil slips its hand." Bodie Thoene


Do you know what finally made the 1960's Civil Rights movement a success? It wasn't the eloquently spoken words of one man, or the marching of thousands. It wasn't the refusal of one woman to move to the back of a mass transit bus, nor was it the actions of radicals who used force against force. Though all of these events certainly played their part in bringing success to the Civil Rights movement, none of them can solely claim responsibility for it's success. Only one thing can:


The conscious choice of a group of people to evict apathy from their lives. 


The Civil Rights movement, however, was a collective movement, one that affected, and altered the lives of millions of Americans, and thereby altered the very face of America herself. Because of a collective group of people's refusal to be indifferent anymore, we can now say that our country, and our future are much better off. 


However, just as the Civil Rights movement solved the problem of indifference for one class of people, we are faced with another, more dangerous face of apathy; the indifferent nature of people toward their relationship with God. All too often, when the subject of God comes up in conversation, we usually get one of three responses:


1) "God made me this way."


2) "God and I have an understanding."


3) "If I'm a good person, God will let me into heaven."


When someone says these things, they are actually redirecting the responsibility for their actions, whether they are good or bad, sins or not, from themselves and onto God. Usually, this comment is made by someone who does not have a relationship with God, and certainly not a healthy one. The problem with this line of thinking is that it is blatantly false. God did not create you to commit sin, and to live your life however you see fit. While it is true that He did give you free will to choose which path you'll take, this by no means that He is responsible for you committing your sins. 


It always makes me chuckle when I hear someone say that they and God have a mutual understanding on how that person is going to be, and that "everything is alright." I ask them if they've actually heard God's side of that "understanding" and if they're sure it really matches up to what their "understanding" is. God's half of this conversation takes place in the Bible, and I guarantee that it does not come into agreement that would lead someone to believe their faith can be based in apathy and indifference toward Him. In fact, if they did read the Bible to find out God's part of the conversation, one passage in particular would scare them. Romans 3:23, "For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God." To say that they have an understanding with God, aside from the one He set in motion at the creation week, would mean that they are a special person, not subject to this passage, with a free pass to sin and still meet the expectations and glory of God. Surely that's not what this person is saying, is it?


Last, God, as the Great Physician gave a prescription for the infection of sin in our lives, and nowhere is His prescription allowed to be substituted with "just being a good person." You have to follow His instructions precisely, just as the leper who dipped 7 times into the water to be cured (2 Kings 5:1-14). Six times wouldn't do it, and five just wasn't enough. It was after the seventh time, and only after the seventh time that he came up clean. We too, must follow God's prescription for our uncleanness with the same careful execution. We must hear the word of God (Romans 10:17), believe that Jesus is the Son of God (Matthew 16:16), be sorry of your sins (Acts 17:30,31), confess your belief in Jesus as the Son of God (Romans 10:8-10), and then be baptized for the remission of your sins, according to Acts 2:38. 


However, it doesn't end there. Just left at this leaves plenty of room for apathy to grow in the life of the one who was just saved. We must also continue to live faithfully, doing our part to work toward the kingdom of Heaven, because after all, James said that faith without works is dead (James 2:20). This is the kryptonite to the apathetic believer's agenda. The commandment to actively work our faith is not one that bodes well with any of the three excuses listed above. Yet, there it sits, in black and white. In the Word of God. Not to be ignored. 


God did not make you this way-He made you to be better.


God and you do not have an understanding, but He does have a plan.


Being a "good person" does not guarantee you a place in Heaven, but He made sure you can still get there. 


Are you willing to leave these excuses behind and begin working His plan His way?

Thursday, February 10, 2011

God's Disclaimer


"Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen." Romans 3:23

Have you ever stopped to consider the number of disclaimers we encounter on a daily basis? If you consider it, the number can be startling. On the average day you will come across a disclaimer to park your car in a parking lot ("Lot not responsible for lost or stolen items"), to swim in a swimming pool ("No lifeguard on duty, swim at your own risk!"), or even the FBI Copyright Infringement Warning just to watch a DVD. Two weeks ago, I purchased a new laptop. After getting it home and starting it up, I spent the first two days just agreeing to disclaimers (End User License Agreements) just to be able to run the software! Disclaimers are everywhere in life!

Even our relationships are covered by disclaimers. Remember when you were in high school and you had your first boyfriend or girlfriend and you told each other you loved them? The truth is, you didn't understand the concept of love fully, and you really meant that you'd love them until something better came along, or you got tired of them. Sometimes we tell a friend we'd miss them if we ever lost them, but the disclaimer is that we mean we would miss them unless we ever stopped being friends.  Then the loss would probably not be missed. We're hired to our jobs with the agreement that our boss will continue to pay our salary for as long as our work performance is acceptable. The moment it isn't is the moment this relationship too will end. The point I'm making is that human relationships are based on human emotions, which makes them inherently flawed. 

Even the most sacred and everlasting relationship we can have with someone, which is marriage, comes with a disclaimer. When we promise our spouse on our wedding day that we will love, honor and cherish them, the disclaimer is spoken plainly in front of God and all other witnesses. We promise to love, honor and cherish them... "Until death do us part." All of our relationships are covered by caveats and disclaimers. 

All of them, however, except our relationship with God.

When God promises to love us, He doesn't put a disclaimer or a void clause in there. He says it simply and plainly. In Matthew 28:20, Jesus says, "Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen." There is no side note to this promise. Jesus did not promise to be with us always... unless we mess up. God knows that we are an imperfect people (Romans 3:23), but He has provided us with a back-up plan (John 3:16)

But perhaps you're someone who is so used to dealing with disclaimers that you need one in your relationship with God also. If that is the case, here is your disclaimer, God promises to love and care for you (Disclaimer: Forever and unconditionally).

This is God's disclaimer. What is our disclaimer to God regarding our devotion to Him? Is it like all of our human relationships? Is it filled with disclaimers such as the promise to obey His word until it becomes inconvenient, or uncomfortable? God loves you unconditionally; doesn't He deserve the same in return?

Friday, February 4, 2011

Look At It Through God's Eyes

"Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it;" Ephesians 5:25

The other night, I was sitting around enjoying the company of some friends when my buddies phone rang. His wife had called him, and from listening to his end of the conversation, he was in big trouble when he got back home! Being a man who was currently being scolded by his wife, he immediately activated the same survival mechanism all married men use when we find ourselves in his shoes; lots of soft voiced apologies, and "I know, I know!" After he said, "Okay, I love you too" a satisfactory number of times, he was allowed to hang up the phone. I didn't ask what the problem was, because the group conversation immediately took an interesting turn.

As he hung up the phone, he made the generic comment, of "women, can't live with them, can't live without them." This statement immediately made me laugh due to the phone call I just heard, but it also sent my brain into overdrive. At this point, I was no longer interested in what was being said in the conversation, as I was recalling all the emphasis God had put on women and their role in life.

You know, God did a lot of things in 6 days (Genesis 1:31). He created the heavens and the earth, the water and the land, the sun and the moon. He even created man and every creature in the water and on land within those 6 days. In fact, He did so much that, on the 7th day He simply rested (Genesis 2:3). However, at some point during the sixth day, Adam began to notice something. Something in Adam's life was 'off'. A void filled the air, and something very important was missing. Adam was overwhelmed. After all, He created the sun and the moon, the stars, the oceans, and land. He even created a mate for every creature (Genesis 1:22). He had given Adam dominion over it all (Genesis 1:26). So what could possibly be missing? God, in His infinite wisdom knew exactly what was missing (Genesis 2:20). Indeed, what was missing was a companion for Adam (Genesis 2:20).

God knew what needed to be done, and he didn't take any time getting going. God went back to work (Genesis 2:22). He realized Adam was aching for a mate of his own (Genesis 2:18), and despite all He had created, something was not right with the world. God was not willing that Adam would suffer or be saddened (Genesis 2:18). So God created woman as a help meet for Adam, and He hasn't created anything else since.

God created the Heavens, the Earth, land, and sea, creatures on the land and in the sea, the Sun and the Stars, but all of that couldn't take the place of one thing: a good woman. So gentlemen, the next time you get frustrated and doubt the worth of something (especially the worth of a good woman) take a look at it again from Gods' eyes. You might realize that nothing else in this world could take its place.

Thursday, February 3, 2011

I Think I Finally Get It

Someone once told me, “Any man worth his salt will spend his entire life working to become a better person, until one day, he won’t have to try anymore.” I didn’t know it at the time, but the reason they wouldn’t have to grind it out any longer is because they will be dead, passed on to meet their maker. At the time I didn’t understand what he was saying, but because I respected him so much I never forgot it. I just assumed that one day, when I became wiser, like him, it would finally come to me. Perhaps like a flash from a flood lamp that blinds me, or maybe it would be more like a slow moving train coming toward me from the opposite end of a very long tunnel, the light (or wisdom) would grow on me slowly. Regardless of how it would come I always remembered it in hopes that someday it would make sense.

Now, here I am years later, with a lifetime of wins and losses, struggles and triumphs, finally understanding what he meant. I can hardly translate it into words other than how he did, but I feel it every day. It is sometimes known as a feeling of triumph, while sometimes it is the feeling of exhaustion and defeat. Regardless, it always feels personal.

However, looking back at the type of man he was and the timing of when he said it to me, I believe I understand the specific meaning he meant to convey to me. What he meant was that every morning, from their first awaking moment, every man and woman will have to make the conscious decision to pick up their cross and follow Christ or not, just as Luke 9:23 says.

The choice of wording to me is interesting when we refer this decision to “grind it out”. This implies that the forces of the world are already set against us, just aching for a chance to lead us away from the cross. And it isn’t just one personal demon we will have to face, it is an entire onslaught. The fruit of the vine is hanging there tempting us to eat of it, promising an easier life; one filled with wisdom and easy sailing (Genesis 3:5). But we know this to be obviously false. There was a reason God told Adam and Eve not to eat of the fruit, because He knew what would lie ahead for all of humanity if they did. A life filled with hardship and misery. He didn’t want this for us, but gave us the right to choose anyway. And the choice put before Eve that day is the same one before us every morning before we wake up; do we choose God, or the world?

However, the choice is ours to make. We can choose to take up our crosses and continue to “grind it out” as the salt of the Earth (Matthew 5:13), or we can just give in to the temporary pleasures of the world. Just know this, that just as the fruit grows on the vine for only a season, so does Earthly pleasure. One day it will wither away, being no good to us, leaving us with an eternity of no hope. After all, we can only get out of Heaven that which we put into it (Matthew 6:20).

Over 10 years later I think I finally understand it, Mr. Giles Roberts. Your influence is still with me.

Wednesday, February 2, 2011

Do the Many Denominations In Christianity Prove It Is a False Religion?

Despite what an atheist would like you to believe, there are different forms of Atheism. They do their best to convince you of this by making you believe that since the inception of the Atheistic belief, there have been no divisions or break offs from the original concept. Atheism today is as Atheism was at the beginning. However, this is simply not the case. There is the true Atheist, who is 100% certain there is no such thing as God. Then there are the Agnostics, who are in this author’s opinion, the same as the Atheists, yet afraid to fully commit to their disbelief. Regardless, they insist they are different. Either you believe in God or you don’t. You are no less safe on judgment day by saying you cannot know if God exists (Agnosticism) than you are if you just outright said He doesn’t exist (Atheism). Then there is also the Humanist belief, which is yet another sect of Atheism. However, despite these acknowledged divisions, the Atheist would still like you to believe that there is only one solid branch of Atheism, with all parts in perfect harmony. This is deceit.

They attempt to prove that atheism is superior to Christianity in its belief because of this lack of division, which they say is apparent in the Christian belief. They try to overwhelm the audience with facts of divisions within the Christian faith such as the Catholic, Baptist, Episcopal, or Presbyterian, etc. churches not agreeing with one another. They say that due to this obvious disharmony, the Christian religion is flawed and therefore should not be considered.

However, the answer to the Atheist’s tactics of confusion is to bring it back to simplicity. Ephesians 4:5 says, “One God, one faith, one baptism.” This is simple logic. If we think of it in the form of an Oak tree in our yard, then it can help us understand the condition of the “Christian” faith today.  Imagine a strong storm comes with heavy winds. If the tree and its trunk still stand, but a branch falls off during a storm, is that branch still considered a part of that tree? No. The tree is that part which originally grew out of the ground, and is supported by the trunk. Any limbs that fall off of it are no longer a part of the tree and are to be discarded as yard debris. 


The same can be applied to the Christian faith. God set up one faith through His Son Jesus (Ephesians 4:5), and anything that deviates, separates or removes itself from that original faith (or figurative tree trunk) is to be discarded as dead, no longer receiving life from the trunk. While these denominations at one point had to have started from the one true church that Christ founded on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1), once they began to deviate from the Gospel, they became the branches that fell off and were no longer considered a part of the tree.

The Atheist’s assertion is once again found to be flawed due to a lack of understanding of the very text they try to disprove. It is in the Christian’s benefit to be a modern day Berean and search the scriptures daily (Acts 17:11), so that they may be found as a member of the true faith God set up through His son, Jesus.

Tuesday, February 1, 2011

Could the Worlds Oil Fields Be Evidence For the Genesis Flood Account?


 "In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights. In the selfsame day entered Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, into the ark; They, and every beast after his kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and every fowl after his kind, every bird of every sort. And they went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of life. And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the LORD shut him in. And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth. And the waters prevailed, and were increased greatly upon the earth; and the ark went upon the face of the waters. And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered. Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail; and the mountains were covered. And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, and every man: All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died. And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark. And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days." Genesis 7:11-24



Do you remember when you were in grade school reading about dinosaurs in your science text books? I do. I remember reading about how scientists believed that a giant asteroid crashed into the Earth and caused a great extinction of all the dinosaurs. I remember reading in my science book about how the death of these dinosaurs led them to be buried, and through their decay, causing mass oil fields to be created. In an interview with LiveScience.com in 2005, William Thomas, a Geologist at the University of Kentucky, referring to the creation of mass oil fields, is quoted as saying, “Even some of the dinosaurs may have gotten involved in some of this”. I remember being amazed at the fact that my parents were pumping old, dead dinosaurs into their vehicles to drive me around! While I am not here to debate whether an asteroid was the cause of all dinosaur extinction, I would, however, like to discuss the idea that the sudden, mass extinction of carbon-based life forms can and did create the mass oil fields we have available to us today.
In science class, we should have all learned that all living things are carbon based organisms[i]. It is essentially the building block of all life here on Earth. We should have also learned that oil and other petroleum products are carbon-based products as well[ii]. This makes sense because oil is made from decayed plant and animal matter. Science has proven that the carbon-based oil is a by-product of decaying matter. Now we must decide what caused this mass extinction of so much carbon-based life that it created giant oil fields all over the world.
In order for decaying matter to be transformed into oil, it would require four things:
1)      A global catastrophe, able to account for a mass decay of life organisms.
2)      An environment that is depleted in oxygen.
3)      Pressure above 735psi.[iii]
4)      Heat.[iv]
In regards to an oxygen depleted atmosphere, Roger Patterson, in his article “Chapter 7: The Fossil Record” states it like this:
            “The formation of fossils demands that the organisms be buried quickly in an environment free of oxygen where nothing will disturb them. We find few places like this on earth today. Flood conditions are ideal for forming fossils, and the global Flood described in Genesis provides a starting point to examine the fossil record.” (Robert Patterson, “Chapter 7: The Fossil Record”)
One would almost think it counter-intuitive that a flood which is comprised of water, made of one third oxygen atoms would be oxygen deprived, yet science has proven that the deeper one goes into water, the more oxygen depleted water becomes[v]. It is not simply due to pressure that many species of fish cannot survive at such great depths; it is due to oxygen deprivation. The water closest to the surface has no problems being replenished with oxygen from the atmosphere, however, without a great churning force, this oxygen rarely makes it to the lowest portions of bodies of water. This is most evident in lakes during winter.
With the consideration of pressure in mind, I would like you to consider the necessity of the depths of the flood in order to cover the world’s highest mountain peaks. Mount Everest is the world’s highest mountain at 29,028 feet or approximately 5.5 miles above sea level. Lake Erie is by far not the deepest lake in the United States, yet it is documented to suffer from hypoxia, or the absence of oxygen in it’s lower levels[vi]. Keeping in mind that if Lake Erie has a difficult time replenishing the oxygen level at its lake bed, how impossible do you suppose it to be for a depth 29,028 feet?
It is also worth noting that a gallon of water (without saline) weighs approximately 8.34 pounds. The flood provided pressure up to 12,930 psi on the surface of the Earth, and over 30,000 psi at the deepest depths of the ocean floor[vii]. This provides more than enough pressure for oil formation.
Second, we must answer for the heat necessary. This is easily done by taking into account that throughout the entire world, there are more than 1500 volcanoes, with some scientists estimating there are over 10,000 others held within the oceans![viii] When you look at a map that details their locations, you will see that they provide adequate coverage throughout the world. The collaborative eruption of these volcanoes would be able to heat the surrounding waters to a level able to provide for the necessity of heat. We know this because the lava that flows from volcanoes is thousands of degrees Fahrenheit at the time of eruption. This takes into account a slight cooling affect the water would have. We must also take into account the thousands of hydro-thermal vents that reach temperatures well over 500 degrees Celsius.[ix]
Therefore, we have more than adequately answered the need for heat.
Last, we must account for perhaps the most important aspect of the entire equation, which is time. In a lot in Philadelphia sits a company by the name of Changing World Technologies, which has developed a system that can turn 200 tons of animal by-products into 600 barrels of light oil every day (DISCOVER Vol. 24 No. 5). The company uses a machine that uses the same process the Earth uses, only it is able to stabilize and speed up the process. In 2003, it was estimated that by using 600 million tons of turkey guts, 4 billion barrels of oil could be produced. This is significant in the sense that in 2001, the United States imported 4.2 billion barrels to meet our energy needs. This means that man is now able to produce oil on a large scale, not in millions of years as science once suggested, but rather in a matter of days.
We do not need an old Earth to account for the production of oil. The Great Flood is a perfectly acceptable answer as to why we have large oil field deposits throughout the Earth. There was a massive extinction of life on Earth providing the biomass for decay. The flood waters provided ample pressure necessary to meet the requirements of oil production in an oxygen-deprived atmosphere, and heat was readily available through volcanoes and hydrothermal vents. Last, we know that by copying the process of which the Earth creates oil, man can make billions of barrels a year. This disproves the requirement of millions or billions of years necessary for oil production, and thereby takes another link out of the argument for an old Earth. Instead, we have more proof of a young Earth that provides the Bible even more geological accuracy.





[v] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency http://www.epa.gov/glindicators/water/oxygenb.html
[vi] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency http://www.epa.gov/glindicators/water/oxygenb.html
[vii] Noah’s Flood  http://www.yecheadquarters.org/noah_flood.html
[viii] General Facts About Volcanoes  http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=4886
[ix]Hydro-Thermal Vents in the Ocean http://www.divediscover.whoi.edu/vents/vent-infomod.html#